Describe the diagnostic features of dependent personality disorder

Dependent Personality Disorder (DPD) is a psychiatric condition characterized by a pervasive and excessive need to be taken care of by others. Individuals with DPD often feel helpless, clingy, and have difficulty making decisions without reassurance and support from others. They fear being abandoned or having to fend for themselves. Below are the diagnostic features of Dependent Personality Disorder:

1. Excessive reliance on others: People with DPD have a chronic and excessive need to rely on others for their emotional, social, and practical needs. They may have difficulty initiating projects or activities independently and tend to rely heavily on others for guidance and decision-making.

2. Difficulty making everyday decisions: Individuals with DPD often struggle to make even minor decisions without excessive advice or reassurance from others. This indecisiveness stems from a fear of making mistakes or being unable to handle the consequences.

3. Submissive and passive behavior: People with DPD tend to be passive and submissive, often allowing others to make important life choices for them. They may have difficulty expressing disagreement with others due to a fear of rejection or disapproval.

4. Separation anxiety: Those with DPD often experience intense anxiety when faced with the prospect of being alone or when they fear that important relationships might end. They may go to great lengths to avoid situations or decisions that could lead to separation.

5. Difficulty expressing disagreement: Individuals with DPD may find it challenging to express their true feelings or needs to others, as they fear losing support or approval. They may suppress their own desires and opinions to maintain their relationships.

Read more : eGyanKosh: Semester-I



6. Unrealistic fear of abandonment: A key feature of DPD is an exaggerated fear of being left to fend for themselves. This fear often leads to an overreliance on others to meet their emotional and physical needs.

7. Low self-confidence: People with DPD often have a chronically low sense of self-worth and confidence in their abilities to cope with life’s challenges independently.

8. Willingness to tolerate mistreatment: Due to their fear of being abandoned, individuals with DPD may endure mistreatment, abuse, or neglect in relationships, believing they cannot survive without the other person’s support.

9. Difficulty initiating relationships: People with DPD may have difficulty initiating new relationships or activities because of their fear of rejection or being unable to function without constant support.

It’s essential to note that a diagnosis of Dependent Personality Disorder requires a mental health professional to assess the individual’s symptoms and their impact on daily functioning. Additionally, the symptoms must be enduring and not better explained by another mental disorder. Treatment for DPD often involves psychotherapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) or psychodynamic therapy, to help individuals build self-confidence, improve decision-making skills, and develop healthier interpersonal relationships.

Leave a Reply